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The best free and open source Photoshop alternatives

Photoshop is the most well-known image editor and it’s been an essential for many designers over the years.

There’s no denying the software is great but, what if you don’t have the budget for the Creative Cloud Subscription? The hefty cancellation fee can be frustrating and something I’m sure many people have been caught off guard by (myself included).

You’ll be glad to hear there are some amazing free alternatives available. They range from open source Photoshop-like apps, to browser-based tools you don’t have to install.

Free software isn’t as basic as you may think these days. The alternatives listed in this article all include excellent tools that will help you turn your work into a masterpiece!

Woman using a graphics tablet to draw.

GIMP: open-source expert

The most notable entry to this list is GNU Image Manipulation Program, better known as ‘GIMP’. It offers pretty much all the same features as Photoshop and is particularly great for image manipulation and free-form drawing. 

Not only is this one of the best open source alternatives to Photoshop due to its extensive editing tools but, it also works as a great image format converter. This software is available for Mac, Windows and Linux making it really accessible. 

GIMP open-source Photoshop alternative user interface

Krita: most Photoshop-like app

If you’re looking for something with a similar user experience to Photoshop then Krita may be the one for you. It’s open source and the dark theme and layout of this one is very comparable to Adobe. Krita is full of great features such as a customisable interface and layer management system.

This is a good option for those who prefer to work with pens and drawing tablets, with features such as a built-in brush stabiliser. Krita is also available for Mac, Windows and Linux. 

Krita free Photoshop-like tool for image manipulation

Darktable: great for photographers

Darktable is a program solely dedicated to enhancing pictures. Most importantly it focuses on ‘non-destructive RAW image post-production.’ For those of you who have used Lightroom before or, are looking for a free alternative this is one of the best. 

Darktable is a great RAW file processor that does a great job of retaining image quality. It’s open source and available for Mac, Windows, Linux and a variety of other operating systems.  

Darktable image manipulation: a Photoshop open source alternative that's great for handling RAW files


Originating from Windows original paint software, Paint.net is now a surprisingly capable photo editing tool. It’s full to the brim with features such as multiple layer modes and selection tools to name a few. 

Paint.net supports tons of different file formats e.g., BMP, GIF, JPG, PNG. The only downside to this one is that it’s only available on Windows however, it’s free for businesses and commercial use! 

Paint.net image manipulation: a free alternative to Adobe Photoshop


Colorcinch is a web-based editor which means you don’t have to install anything. One of the best features of this one is the AI-powered filters. This allows for the creation of cartoons, paintings and more. 

This app also gives the user access to over a million high-res stock photos. It’s filled with effects, tools and an easy-to-use interface: all you need to get started is a stable internet connection.  

Colorcinch interface: a web-based image manipulation tool, that's free and fun

Photopea Online Photo Editor 

Photopea is a great beginner option for photo editing. This is a browser-based alternative to Photoshop that even supports PSD format. This would be great for someone with entry-level experience of editing software and it aims to reduce editing time due to operating via the web.

Notable features include layer masks, blending modes and great brush tools. It’s partly open source and offers the option to upgrade. 

Photopea is a browser-based free Photoshop alternative

Pixlr x

The last mention on this list is Pixlr x. This free browser editor is based on HTML 5, and because it’s for web browsers it can be used with any operating system. Not only does it have a great range of tools but, it’s compatible with multiple devices meaning it can even be used on iPads and mobiles.

Pixlr x free image manipulation tool - a good alternative to Photoshop

Summary: best free alternatives to Photoshop

As is evident from the above selection, what is the ‘best’ free Photoshop alternative for you is dependent on how you wish to use the software.

Most casual users will be satisfied with the image editing functions available in free tools online. They’re the most convenient, and user-friendly.

But professional and semi-pro designers and photographers might need extra features. So if you find the free online tools lacking we’d recommend giving free software like GIMP, Krita and Darktable a spin.

These are just a handful of the free and open-source Photoshop alternatives out there. Let us know if you have tried any of these and any other alternatives you would like us to talk about next.  


  • Awesome article, Thanks for sharing!
    Photopea is AWESOME. It’s completely free and browser based. I can get used to it real quick, and never fumble with the interface as with the open-source main alternative…
    For what I’ve seen, it’s really powerful and self-sufficient. It is a good alternative for people that don’t have a lot of tech knowledge or experience.

  • Great blog. Thanks for sharing.
    By the way I have tried photopea and it is a great tool for beginners as I don’t much about designing. So it helps me to edit images